Summary of Matthew

No Sleep - Danny E.B.
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SUMMARY OF MATTHEW

 

John Schroeder

 

Gospels, Acts & Revelation

Professor - Brandon Evans

17 Feb 17

 

The book of Matthew paints Jesus as the King of the Jews and long awaited Messiah prophecies spoke of in the Old Testament. Its placement appears to be intentional. The Old Testament points towards Jesus, and Matthew repeatedly points out the prophecies that are fulfilled in Christ. Matthew makes it a point to expound on Jesus’ teaching and chastisement of the religious leaders of their day. Peter is also a more prevalent character than in other Gospels.

            Isaiah 7:14 tells us “Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign. Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel” and the prophecy is fulfilled when Jesus is born to Mary in Bethlehem in Matthew 1:22-25: “20 But as he considered these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not fear to take Mary as your wife, for that which is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. 21 She will bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins.” 22 All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had spoken by the prophet: 23             “Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and they shall call his name Immanuel” (which means, God with us). 24 When Joseph woke from sleep, he did as the angel of the Lord commanded him: he took his wife, 25 but knew her not until she had given birth to a son. And he called his name Jesus. [1]” God even made it a point to have the angel quote the Scripture in Isaiah to Joseph.

            Later, when Jesus begins His ministry, He fulfills another of Isaiah’s prophecies in Isaiah 9:2. The Scripture reads: “2The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light; those who dwelt in a land of deep darkness, on them has the light shone. [2]” Jesus begins His ministry by heading by heading to Capernaum, and Matthew once again makes it a point to connect the two in Chapter 4:12-16. God’s Word says, “12Now when he heard that John had been arrested, he withdrew into Galilee. 13And leaving Nazareth he went and lived in Capernaum by the sea, in the territory of Zebulun and Naphtali, 14so that what was spoken by the prophet Isaiah might be fulfilled… [3]” and once again Matthew quote’s Isaiah’s words.

More than 20 prophecies are fulfilled by Jesus’ life and ministry in the book of Matthew. And Isaiah is not the only prophet who foretold of things to come in Jesus’ life. Jeremiah, Micah, Malachi, David, and more spoke of Jesus and what He would accomplish.

            To help the reader, the early church leaders who put the Bible together in the form we know today, chose to place Matthew as the first Gospel. Matthew’s heavy emphasis on the Old Testament Scripture and prophecy of Jesus is a perfect fit to be the first book of the New Testament. It appears to provide a good flow of events from Malachi, who prophecied about John the Baptist in Chapter 3, verse 1. Matthew continues the Bible narrative by following Malachi with the genealogy of Jesus, to show His lineage, and the birth of Jesus, followed by the introduction of John the Baptist.

            Jesus’ frequent teaching at length is most easily seen in His sermon on the Hill of Beatitudes, or the “Sermon on the Mount”. Mark L. Strauss explains that Jesus taught on “love for enemies, judging others, and a tree’s being known by its fruit [4]”. Jesus talked at great length to the crowd and His disciples, more or less conveying His vision for how they should live.

            Matthew also showed Jesus’ harsh rebukes of the religious leaders of His day in His “Hypocrites” speech. Jesus goes on a tirade of sorts, calling out the Pharisees and Sadducees on everything from oppressing the people and hunger for power to their leading others astray and corrupt oaths. Jesus even goes so far as to denounce their title, “Rabbi”. In case they missed one of His many key points of chastisement, He leaves them with a clear theme, calling them “hypocrites” six times, “blind” five times, and tops it off with “fools”, “serpents”, and “brood of vipers”.

            As a tax collector who was shunned by the religious leaders of his day, Matthew has a great testimony in that the Son of God opposed those leaders in not just speaking with Matthew, but to recline with him, and then bring him on as a disciple. The gospel of Matthew is rich in unique teaching and is the only gospel to elaborate on Peter’s walking on the water as well as the “70x7” lesson on forgiveness.

 

Strauss, Mark. 2007. Four Portraits One Jesus. Hong Kong: Zondervan.

 

[1] The Holy Bible: English Standard Version. (2016). (Mt 1:20–25). Wheaton: Standard Bible Society.

[2] The Holy Bible: English Standard Version. (2016). (Is 9:2). Wheaton: Standard Bible Society.

[3] The Holy Bible: English Standard Version. (2016). (Mt 4:12–14). Wheaton: Standard Bible Society.

[4] The Holy Bible: English Standard Version. (2016). (Mt 4:12–14). Wheaton: Standard Bible Society.